The holiday of Shavuot has three well-known, and well-loved, customs:
Decorating our homes and synagogues with plants and flowers: According to the Midrash, at the time of the giving of the Torah, Mount Sinai burst forth in blossoms of verdant greenery, covered with plants and flowers. This is the basis for the custom of decorating our homes and synagogues with plants and flowers on Shavuot.
Dairy Foods: On Shavuot, it is customary to eat dairy foods – cheesecake and blintzes being particular favorites.
Among the reasons given for this custom are:
Once the Torah was given, the Israelites refrained from eating meat because they needed to learn the laws of kosher slaughter and to properly kasher their utensils. They specifically chose to eat dairy and give themselves the time necessary to learn the laws.
On a more mystical level, the gematria (numeric value of the Hebrew letters) of the word chalav, milk, is 40. Forty, of course, corresponds to the forty days and nights that Moses spent on Mount Sinai learning the Torah.
All-Night Learning: To demonstrate our love for Torah and our appreciation for God's revelation on Mount Sinai, it is customary to stay up all night on the first night of Shavuot either studying Torah, listening to lectures on Torah topics, or simply discussing Jewish ideas.
Another reason given for the custom of learning all night is to atone for the apathy of the Israelites, who actually overslept on the morning that they were to receive the Torah, rather than being wide awake in excited anticipation.
For further explanations of these customs, please visit the National Jewish Outreach Program’s Shavuot website. (The customs are at the bottom of the page.)
Jewish Treats and the National Jewish Outreach Program wishes you a chag samayach (happy holiday). Jewish Treats will return on Monday.