Stylistically, the Tosafot commentaries, which require a high level of scholarship, introduce multiple sources to support statements about which there may be unresolved questions. They often used a method of casuistic scholarship known as pilpul.
The Ba’alei Tosafot, who lived primarily in France and Germany, began with Rashi’s sons-in-law, Rabbi Meir ben Samuel (RaM) and Rabbi Judah ben Nathan (RIBan), and his grandsons, Rabbi Samuel ben Meir (RaSHBam) and Rabbi Yaakov ben Meir (Rabbeinu Tam). While the Tosafot tradition began in the generation following Rashi, it continued for over a hundred years and included scholars such as Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel (the Rosh - 13th century) and Rabbi Meir ben Baruch (Maharam - 13th century).
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